Studies of flow-around of high-lift wing airfoil with combined energy system for the wing lifting force increasing

Aeronautical and Space-Rocket Engineering

Aerodynamics and heat-exchange processes in flying vehicles


Pavlenko O. V.*, Petrov A. V., Pigusov E. A.**

Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute named after N.E. Zhukovsky, TsAGI, 1, Zhukovsky str., Zhukovsky, Moscow Region, 140180, Russia



Commercial air transportation growth and environmental requirements toughening encourage designers of prospective aviation to develop and research innovative technical solutions and technologies to improve performance while conjoined emissions reduction. In recent years, increased attention has been paid to the study of the Distributed Electric Propulsion (DEP) application, which implementation onboard aircraft, according to researchers, will allow fuel costs cutting by more than 50% with conjoined carbon dioxide emissions reduction by approximately 50%. Many scientific and engineering problems should be solved while the aircraft with DER development. One of such problems, to which solution a great number of today’s studies is devoted, consists in ensuring high takeoff-landing performances. The presented work considers the possibility of employing combined lift force increasing power system (CLFIPS) for the wing lift force improving at the takeoff-landing modes. Evaluation of various factors impact, such as the propeller diameter and thrust; its position along the length and height relative to the airfoil chord at various angles of the flap deflection and blowout intensity on it, on the CLFIPS effectiveness. Along with the basic calculation option, the slipstream effect of the propeller on the aerodynamic characteristics of the airfoil with slotted flap, as well as with the system of circulation control by tangential blowout of the jet on the rounded rear edge of the airfoil are considered.

Computational study of the airfoils flow-around by the viscous gas flow was performed at the numbers of M = 0.13 Re = 7.2·106 employing the FLUENT software based on the numerical solution of the Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes equations. The blow-off calculations at various values of the propeller active section diameter and its position were performed at the zero angle of attack.

Parametric studies of the high-lift airfoil flow-around were performed at various values of the propeller relative diameter, being modelled by the “active” disk, and its position relative to the airfoil. The studies confirmed the effectiveness of the combined lift force increasing system conjoining boundary layer control (BLC) system and propeller blow-off (PBO), compared to the speed circulation control by tangential blowout of the jet on the rounded rear edge of the airfoil, as well as the blow-off of the airfoil with the Fowler flap type.

It is advisable to go on with the studies on parameters optimization of the combined BLC/PBO system as well as the type and parameters development of the wing slot mechanics, which ensures effective jet deflection from the wing for the purpose of significant lift force increase.


propeller, tangential jet blow-off, power system for lift force increasing, boundary layer control, circulation control


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