Studies on six-component rotating strain-gauge balance calibration for aircraft propellers testing

Aeronautical and Space-Rocket Engineering

DOI: 10.34759/vst-2021-4-48-61


Petronevich V. V.*, Lyutov V. V.*, Manvelyan V. S.**, Kulikov A. A.***, Zimogorov S. V.****

Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute named after N.E. Zhukovsky, TsAGI, 1, Zhukovsky str., Zhukovsky, Moscow Region, 140180, Russia



The presented article is devoted to the studies being performed on rotating strain-gauge balance calibration measuring six components of the total aerodynamic force and the moment of forces acting on the aircraft propeller during an experiment in wind tunnels.

The article describes basic principles of multicomponent aerodynamic scales calibration, working formulas computing, errors determining and other criteria for calibration quality evaluating.

The calibration machine prototype, by which calibration of the strain-gauge balance was performed, was considered. The article presents the technique for the strain-gauge balance working formulas obtaining by the least-squares method in the matrix form for three types of mathematical models, namely 6×27, 6×33 and 6×96. Analysis of the mathematical models quality was being performed by such criteria as absolute, reduced and relative and errors, authenticity and standard error of the regression coefficients.

The authors indicate and analyze the trends of methods and tools development for processing the results and strain-gauge balance loading to improve calibration accuracy. Methods of optimal experiment planning and artificial neuron networks application both for calibration results processing and calibration work benches control relate to these trends.

The largest reduced error was 0.50% for the mathematical model with the 6×27 dimensionality. The error for the 6×33 model was 0.32%, and 0.2% for the 6×96 model. Calibration error of 0.2% conforms the best world samples of rotating strain-gauge balances.

The obtained results allow developing a technique and recommendations for static calibration of rotating strain-gauge balance for characteristics measuring of aircraft propellers and can be accounted for while developing new design schemes of strain gauge balance. Besides, the obtained data are the scientific and technical groundwork for creating a dynamic calibration machine for strain-gauge balance calibration in rotation. Such work bench is necessary, for example, to account for the centrifugal force impact on the strain-gauge balance readings.


strain gauge balance calibration, rotating strain gauge balance, calibration errors of rotating strain gauge balance, calibration algorithm, mathematical models


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